Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve Safari

Located on flood plains of Sapta-Kosi River at Saptari and Sunsari districts of Eastern Nepal, this reserve is defined by the eastern and western embankments of the river.

The Sapta – Koshi River also changes its course from one season to another, the vegetation is mainly tall khar pater grassland with few patches of khair-sisso scrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest, the reserve offers important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving populations (about 100) of wild buffalo or arna are found here. Other mammals are the hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer, and the blue bull.

The reserve also assists the local economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in season. A total of 280 different species of birds have been recorded in the reserve. These include 20 species of ducks, two species of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican.

The Koshi Barrage is extremely important as habitat for migratory birds. Many species recorded here are not seen elsewhere in Nepal. The endangered ghariel crocodile and Gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi River.